FAQ: VINYL (LURF)
What is Luxurious Resilient Flooring (LURF)?
LURF is a new generation of vinyl flooring that realistically mimics the appearance of natural materials (i.e. wood and stone), with additional layers of advanced technologies to improve performance, making it wear-, stain- and scratch- resistant and durable even under the most trying conditions. That is why it is called RESILIENT flooring.
LURF is an acronym for Luxurious Resilient Flooring, and is termed as such because of the LUXURIOUS and RESILIENT features of our floors.
What is LURF made of?
Our LURF products are made in Belgium by Quick-Step and have 5 layers to give you additional surface protection, health benefits, and more natural wood and stone design finishes:
- A high-performance top layer: This protective layer utilises ScratchGuard and StainGuard technology to protect your ﬂoors from dirt, stains, scratches and scuff marks, and makes them easy to clean and maintain. In addition, its extra matt and soft ﬁnish guarantees a natural look. For our Grandeur collection, this protective layer consists of an anti-bacterial NanoSilver technology coating which inhibits the growth of bacteria and fungi, helps prevent the spread of germs, and eradicates odours.
- A fine-printed PVC decor layer: The high-grade printing technique used for this layer gives your LURF ﬂoor its unique and authentic appearance. Texture is also added to the surface by embossing to properly mimic wood and stone structures so you’ll feel as though you’re touching the real natural material.
- A strong impact-resistant PVC core: Using completely phthalate-free plasticisers to ensure good health for you and your family, this waterproof and sound-reducing vinyl core also provides comfort and durability
- An extra stabilising layer: This layer contains super dense glass ﬁbres to give the LURF ﬂoor additional dimensional stability and prevent temperature-warping/shrinking.
- A highly efficient impact-resistant backing: This moisture-resistant layer guarantees a perfectly balanced ﬂoor board which prevents cupping or warping.
Is LURF waterproof or water-resistant?
Because LURF is made of 100% synthetic materials, it is 100% waterproof.
Will termites attack LURF?
Our LURF may look and feel like natural wood, but because they are made from synthetic material and do not contain any wood, our floors are 100% termite-free.
Is LURF fire-resistant?
Most home and furnishing products are combustible (i.e. can be burned). The process of determining whether an item is fire-resistant is done by examining how likely and quickly it could be set on fire.
LURF’s Quick-Step products are classified under European Standard EN 13501-1 (Fire classification for all products and building elements) as being in class Bfl – s1.
Bfl – s1 is for Floorings, and products under this class are classified as being “combustible materials – very limited contribution to fire”.
For scenarios such as lit cigarette butts and/or ashes falling on our floors, Floor Xpert’s LURF flooring products are burn-resistant; this means that if you accidentally drop a lit cigarette onto our floor and quickly pick it up, the floor surface will not be damaged.
Is LURF safe for my family?
Our LURF products have been tested and do not contain any of the dangerous substances listed in European Commission Mandate M 119 (for floorings).
We only provide safe flooring solutions that we would ourselves use for our own families!
These are the materials you would find in our floor products:
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
This is a type of plastic very commonly used in construction (e.g. pipes, electrical cable insulation, door and window profile applications) and other industries (i.e. packaging, plastic bank and membership cards, signage, inflatable products, etc).
One criticism against PVC is that the material releases carcinogens, in particular VCM and other chemicals such as dioxin. However, VCM is only a part of the production of vinyl and once PVC is produced, VCM is no longer emitted, so it doesn’t pose a threat to anybody who uses vinyl.
Dioxin is not produced intentionally; it can occur when anything containing chloride burns, meaning dioxin can only be released from PVC when it is burned at low or extremely high temperatures. In the case of a building fire, dioxin may be released into the air, but firefighters are prepared for dangerous fumes, which is why most of them wear oxygen masks. There are many other building materials that release harmful toxins when burned.
PVC is recyclable. In Singapore where we have proper incineration facilities, the disposal of PVC by incineration is safe and does not release dioxin. If PVC is by chance carelessly thrown away in landfill, it will remain as an intact material because of its durability; claims that vinyl in landfills could break down and release toxins into groundwater have not been scientifically proven.
Phthalates are a form of plasticizers chemicals which are added to PVC to improve the flexibility and durability of the material. In more than 40 years of study and use, phthalates have never been shown to cause harm to humans from their normal, intended use.
Our LURF flooring products are 100% phthalate-free; instead, we use bio-based plasticizers which are non-toxic.
Additives are chemicals used to improve the performance of materials. Our LURF flooring products are fully compliant with the EU list of banned substances, meaning we do not use unsafe and unapproved additives.
Minerals are used to enhance the stability of our flooring products, and are 100% natural and hence safe for use.
Glass fiber is a material consisting of numerous extremely fine fibers of glass. It is formed when thin strands of silica-based or other formulation glass are extruded into many fibers with small diameters suitable for textile (sheet) processing.
Many tests have been conducted on the health and safety of glass fiber by different government agencies but there have been no conclusive conclusions reached. What is generally agreed is that glass fiber can be an irritant (mainly for skin and when inhaled) but that only occurs during handling in production and construction processes.
Our LURF products contain a layer of glass fiber to give our vinyl flooring additional dimensional stability. Other layers are compressed on top of the glass fiber layer, so there is no irritant risk.
Note: Glass fiber is different from “fiberglass”, which is a plastic reinforced by fine glass fibers.
Will using LURF have any impact on indoor air quality?
The air quality inside a room/building depends on a number of factors, including how the building is designed, built and maintained; the construction materials, furnishing and cleaning materials used; the ventilating and air conditioning system; and the living habits of the occupants.
Our LURF flooring products have had the following air quality-related tests done:
- EN 14041 – Formaldehyde emission: classification E1 (no added formaldehyde in production)
- TVOC 28 days: Tested to have VOC emissions of less than 100 μg/m3 (TVOC after 28 days); this means our products have 100 times less VOC emissions than current European standards.
Is it difficult to clean and maintain LURF?
Our LURF are designed for your comfort and carefree enjoyment. Their sealed surface and protective PU coating help to avoid dirt and stains. And because they are completely waterproof, you can simply and safely clean them with a wet cloth.
We also have a range of dedicated cleaning and maintenance products which you can use for your flooring. For more information, click here.