FAQ: LAMINATE FLOORING
What is a Laminate floor?
Laminate flooring is a synthetic floor with layers fused together with a lamination production process. Laminate flooring simulates other materials such as wood, stone, etc with a photographic applique layer under a clear protective layer.
Floor Xpert is the exclusive Singapore distributor of Quick-Step laminate flooring, which look very authentically like wood, stone, marble, leather, or fabric – giving you a wide range of options to match your interior design concept.
What are Laminate flooring products made of?
Laminate flooring is a layered floor built around a watertight, glued High Density Fibre (HDF) board. Our laminate floors consist of four different layers:
- A transparent overlay: This wear-resistant layer provides protection against stains, impact, scratches, burns and household chemicals. In addition, the surface layer is finished with a wood or tile texture/structure that is registered-embossed, ensuring the surface structure is perfectly in harmony with the design.
- A design layer: This layer is a very high-resolution image of wood, stone, marble, leather or fabric that is reproduced with advanced printing techniques and finished with melamine resin to add texture to this layer. The combination of perfect design and surface structure makes the material it is imitating look and feel extremely real and natural.
- A High Density Fibre (HDF) core board: Made of refined wood fibres and high quality melamine resin, because it is a re-composed wood-fibre board, this allows all parts of the tree to be used, cutting down on waste. As the board is very homogenous in composition and technical characteristics, it is extremely durable, stable and highly moisture resistant and impact resistant.
- A balancing layer: This moisture-resistant backing layer helps ensure a perfectly balanced board that will not cup or bow when properly installed and maintained.
Are your Laminate products waterproof or water-resistant?
Our Arte and Exquisa laminate flooring ranges from Quick-Step are water-resistant.
Our Impressive laminate floor range from Quick-Step have an additional unique water-repellent ‘HydroSeal’ coating that makes it the most water-resistant laminate flooring in the market.
For instance, if water leaked into your home and puddles of water formed on our Quick-Step laminate flooring, or if you accidentally spilled a drink, there will be no damage to the floor if you wipe away the water within 24 hours.
Most other laminate floor products in the market get some form of water-damage if moisture is left on their flooring for 6hours or more.
Moisture resistance testing under EN 13329 (EU standard for laminate floor coverings):
- Test parameters: To check the percentage of swelling after 24hours of immersion in water at 20°C
- Norm requirements: 18% is acceptable
- Quick-Step laminate flooring: results were lower than the norm at 10%
Are Laminate floors fire-resistant?
Most home and furnishing products are combustible (i.e. can be burned). How we determine whether an item is fire-resistant is by examining how likely and quickly it could be set on fire.
Our laminate floors are classified under European Standard EN 14041 (Resilient, textile and laminate floor coverings. Essential Characteristics.) as being in class Cfl – s1.
Cfl – s1 is for Floorings, and products under this class are classified as being “combustible materials – limited contribution to fire).
EN 438 is the European Standard to which high pressure decorative laminates must comply.
Under EN 438-2/30 (Resistance to burning cigarette), Quick-Step laminate floors are a Class 5 (Classes are rated from 5 – highest performance, to 1 – lowest performance)
Will using Laminate flooring have any impact on indoor air quality?
The air quality inside a room/building depends on a number of factors, including how the building is designed, built and maintained; the construction materials, furnishing and cleaning materials used; the ventilating and air conditioning system; and the living habits of the occupants.
Our Quick-Step laminate floors are tested under EN 717 (European Formaldehyde testing method) for formaldehyde emission and have the classification E1 (less than 0.025ppm); most laminate products need to be at least less than 0.03ppm in stringent Germany and Japan.
Since your Laminate flooring contains wood fibres, does that mean it is not eco-friendly?
The inner core layer of Quick-Step laminate flooring is made from High Density Fibre (HDF) Board that comprises refined wood fibres and high quality melamine resin. Because it is a re-composed wood-fibre board, this allows all parts of the tree to be used, cutting down on waste.
PEFC is the world’s largest and most reputable forest certification system.
Quick-Step laminate floors are PEFC-certified – meaning the wood used is sourced only from forests that are sustainably managed; these includes requirements for ensuring the biodiversity of forest ecosystems, protecting the rights of workers and indigenous people, etc.
Is it difficult to clean and maintain your Laminate floors?
Our laminate floors are easy to clean. We also have a range of dedicated cleaning and maintenance products which you can use for your flooring. For more information, click here.